International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

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International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

2022, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Part A

A study of profile of the patients with typhoid fever in pediatric patients at tertiary care centre
Author(s)
Dr. BSV Sivanagaraja
Abstract
Background: Typhoid fever is a disease that is spread via contaminated food and water. It's a bacterial infection that causes red spots to appear on the chest and belly, as well as severe digestive irritation.
Aim: The present study evaluated the profile of the patients with typhoid fever in Hyderabad, Telangana state.
Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective study conducted during the period of August 2021 to December 2021. The study included children aged 2 to 18 years old who had a 5-day or longer fever with clinical signs and symptoms of typhoid fever and a positive Widal or Typhidot test.
Results: 110 patients were selected in the study. Children of 2-8 year age group (46.8%), 9-14 years age group was 38.2% and 15-20 years age group was 15%. The ratio of males to females was 1.29:1. The major clinical feature was fever by all children (98.2%), followed by headache and anorexia (56.4% each), followed by abdominal pain (37.3%), vomiting (36.4%), diarrhoea (16.4%) and constipation (10.9%). 64 cases reported splenomegaly, out of 40 cases in first week, 55% of cases reported splenomegaly. In the second week, 61% reported splenomegaly, in the third week, 50% reported splenomegaly. 31.8% of the children with fever had leukocyte count less than 4000/ mm3, normal leukocyte count was observed in majority of the children with fever i.e. 47.3% and 20.9% of children had >11000/ mm3.
Conclusion: Clinical presentation in the study subjects was similar to available reports from literature.
Pages: 25-27 | Views: 131 | Downloads: 72
How to cite this article:
Dr. BSV Sivanagaraja. A study of profile of the patients with typhoid fever in pediatric patients at tertiary care centre. Int J Paediatrics Geriatrics 2022;5(1):25-27. DOI: 10.33545/26643685.2022.v5.i1a.157
International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics