International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

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International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

2021, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part B

Effect of phototherapy on serum calcium levels in neonates receiving double surface LED phototherapy for neonatal jaundice
Author(s)
Rakesh Balamkar, Anilkumar Sajjan, Santosh Byakod and SS Kalyanshettar
Abstract
Background: To study the occurrence of hypocalcaemia in neonates with physiological unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia after 48 hours of phototherapy or at the end of phototherapy, in case duration of phototherapy was less than 48 hours.
Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 100 term neonates (61 males and 39 females) admitted to Neonatal intensive care unit of Shri B M Patil Medical College and Hospital, Vijayapura, Karnataka with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and requiring phototherapy. Total Serum bilirubin levels and serum calcium levels were checked before and after phototherapy. Neonates were assessed for clinical features of hypocalcemia i.e. jitteriness, irritability/excitability, lethargy and convulsions.
Results: After phototherapy, there was hypocalcemia in 35.0% neonates. The difference between pre and post phototherapy serum calcium levels were found to be statistically significant (p <0.001). 2.86% of neonates developed jitteriness among those who had hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia was more in subjects who received phototherapy for longer duration.
Conclusions: Hypocalcaemia is a common complication of phototherapy. Therefore, calcium supplementation should be done in all neonates undergoing phototherapy.
Pages: 59-61 | Views: 300 | Downloads: 155
How to cite this article:
Rakesh Balamkar, Anilkumar Sajjan, Santosh Byakod, SS Kalyanshettar. Effect of phototherapy on serum calcium levels in neonates receiving double surface LED phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. Int J Paediatrics Geriatrics 2021;4(1):59-61. DOI: 10.33545/26643685.2021.v4.i1a.128
International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics