Obese children also suffer from emotional, mental, and social trauma. Obese children are seen to have depression and very low self-esteem. Also, such children are teased by society and have high peer pressure. Additionally, obesity and overweight pose a high burden on the health care system.
The present trial was carried out to document the efficacy of counselling about physical activity, nutrition, and weight on obese children of low socioeconomic status.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on 48 children and was based on the questionnaire on the lifestyle modification and counselling sessions with questions based on healthy habits and physical exercise. Associated comorbidities such as asthma or diabetes were also asked along with their treating paediatrician. The collected data were subjected to statistical evaluation and the results were formulated.
Results: Counselling for nutrition, physical activity, and weight were provided to study participants and the results showed that 80% (n=12) obese, 66.6% (n=6) overweight, and 58.3% (n=14) healthy subjects received counselling for nutrition. In male participants 61.53% (n=16), 69.23% (n=18), and 65.38% (n=17) respectively were counselled for nutrition, physical activity, and weight. Similarly, in females 68.18% (n=15), 63.63% (n=14), and 63.63% (n=14) respectively were counselled for nutrition, physical activity, and weight. Regarding diabetics in the study (n=2), all the subjects were counselled for weight, nutrition, as well as physical activity. In subjects with asthma, the counselling for nutrition, physical activity, and weight was given to 63.6% (n=7), 54.5% (n=6), and 54.5% (n=6) respectively.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that overweight and obese children do not get more counselling sessions compared to their healthy peers. There is a need for more interactions at home and more reinforcement of counselling sessions in the school curriculum with special emphasis on overweight and obese children regarding their nutrition, physical activity, and weight.