International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

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International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics

2019, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A

Maternal anemia and its impact on neonatal outcome: A retrospective study at a tertiary care teaching hospital
Author(s)
Mohammed Abdul Wasiq, Sweta Kumari, Bichitrananda Raut, Mrutunjaya Dash, Debasish Nanda and Jatindra Nath Mohanty
Abstract
Maternal anemia is a very common problem in country like India. The prevalence of it is around 56%. As per WHO guidelines maternal anemia is defined as hemoglobin concentration <11g/dl. It results many complications like Post-partum hemorrhage, sepsis, PIH & death. This study is designed to look at the outcomes of neonates born to mother with anemia. The objective of this study is to find the impact of maternal anemia on neonatal outcome. This is a retrospective study conducted in IMS & SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar. The study period was 6 months (01.02.2019-30.07.2019). In this study period, baseline data of the mothers admitted to Obstetrics units were collected. Total 370 mothers were enrolled. Participants in study were divided into 2 groups-maternal anemia or no anemia. Mothers with APH, anemia due to acute blood loss & multiple gestation were excluded. Immediate neonatal outcomes (NICU admission due to any reason, small for gestational age) of the neonates born to these mothers were documented from neonatal unit at IMS and SUM Hospital. Need of NICU admission was significantly high for neonates born to anemic mothers as compared to neonates born to nonanemic mothers (53.8% vs 18.5%, RD-35.3%, 95% CI: [34.1, 36.5], P value <0.001). On regression analysis after adjusting with gestational age and birth weight, for every 1gm/dl decrease of hemoglobin in mother, the risk of NICU admissions has increased by 39%. Our study suggests that low maternal hemoglobin increases NICU admissions and its severity further increases its number and other complications.
Pages: 42-45 | Views: 585 | Downloads: 325
How to cite this article:
Mohammed Abdul Wasiq, Sweta Kumari, Bichitrananda Raut, Mrutunjaya Dash, Debasish Nanda, Jatindra Nath Mohanty. Maternal anemia and its impact on neonatal outcome: A retrospective study at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Int J Paediatrics Geriatrics 2019;2(2):42-45. DOI: 10.33545/26643685.2019.v2.i2a.34
International Journal of Paediatrics and Geriatrics